Multifamily Mortgage Loan Facts

If you are planning to buy a multifamily property, there are several things you need to consider. First, you need to understand the different types of financing.


Generally, owner-occupied properties qualify for government loans, while investment properties require conventional loans. Some lenders also have a minimum investment amount. Lastly, many lenders ask for property investor experience.

Types of Financing

There are many different financing types for multifamily properties. The right choice depends on your business goals and qualifications. Some sources of financing have lower rates than others. Some require higher loan-to-value (LTV) ratios or interest only options, while others have more stringent requirements for credit and debt-to-income (DTI).

Conventional multifamily mortgage loans are the most common type of financing available. They are issued by banks, credit unions, and other lenders. They are typically backed by a national mortgage association, such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, similar to a conventional single-family home mortgage. Conventional multifamily mortgages are a great option for owner-occupants and real estate investors looking to purchase a multifamily property that has up to four units.

Other types of multifamily financing include government-backed loans and private capital. Government-backed loans offer competitive interest rates and can help you obtain financing for complex projects that aren’t eligible for other forms of commercial lending. Private capital sources like debt funds and online marketplaces can also provide financing for multifamily properties, though they may have more stringent requirements.

Most multifamily financing requires the borrower to have a solid financial background and meet certain criteria, including a high credit score and a low debt-to-income ratio. Some lenders also require the borrower to maintain a reserve account for future repairs and other expenses.

Interest Rates

Depending on the type of loan and lender, there are many different rates available for multifamily mortgage loans. The best rate for a multifamily property will depend on a number of factors, including the loan to value ratio and credit score. Borrowers with higher credit scores will typically qualify for lower interest rates than those with low scores.

There are several types of multifamily real estate financing, including conventional mortgages and government-backed loans. Conventional multifamily mortgages are ideal for investors who want to purchase two- to four-unit residential rental properties. These loans are typically made by financial institutions and guaranteed by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). Government-backed multifamily mortgages are offered by Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, and they offer competitive rates for both new construction and existing properties.

Another option is to use a short-term multifamily bridge loan. This type of financing is typically used by fix-and-flip or buy-and-hold investors who want to finance a property in need of rehabilitation. These loans have shorter terms and are easy to qualify for, making them a great option for borrowers who don’t meet the requirements for other types of commercial loans.

Finally, there are also private multifamily mortgage lenders who can provide financing for a wide variety of properties. These loans can often be approved quickly and may have less stringent underwriting standards than traditional bank loans or life insurance company loans. In addition, some of these private loan sources can provide loans for a wider range of property types than Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.


If you’re interested in financing a multifamily property, speak with your local mortgage professionals about your options. There are many lenders that specialize in multifamily lending, and their rates may vary. In addition to the loan terms, you’ll need to consider how much equity is in the property, and the level of risk involved in investing in multifamily properties.

A conventional multifamily mortgage is one of the most common types of financing available for owners and investors. It is typically a conforming mortgage, which means it meets the underwriting guidelines of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. These two giants are the largest mortgage providers and provide liquidity, stability and affordability to the mortgage market. Conventional mortgages often have strict credit requirements and require the borrower to cover holding costs for all units in the property (insurance, taxes, etc).

The lender will perform a comprehensive review of your financial history to ensure you are eligible for a multifamily mortgage. You’ll need to provide copies of W-2s, tax returns and 1099s, along with bank and investment account statements. The lender will also conduct an appraisal of the property and verify its rental income potential.

Government-insured financing is another option for multifamily loans. These loans are offered by the FHA and include a wide range of terms and leverage levels. For example, the FHA offers a four-unit owner-occupied multifamily mortgage with up to a 77% loan-to-value ratio. These loans are also great for borrowers with limited credit or who haven’t established an adequate income stream to qualify for conventional financing.


There are a variety of fees associated with multifamily mortgage loans. These can include attorney, title, escrow, credit report, pest inspection and homeowners insurance. It is recommended that you shop around to get the best deal on your loan closing costs. In addition, requesting your loan closing to occur at the end of the month may help cut down on prepaid interest charges.

A great multifamily mortgage broker will be familiar with the different options available for financing multifamily real estate and can match you with a lender that meets your needs and goals as an investor. They will be able to explain the pros and cons of different types of multifamily mortgage financing.

Multifamily loan requirements vary depending on whether the property will be owner-occupied or investment. Owner-occupied properties require a minimum of 15% down for duplexes and 20% for three- to four-unit buildings. Investment properties have lower down payment requirements but also have higher interest rates than owner-occupied loans. Both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac offer multifamily loans with a wide range of terms, including pricing incentives for properties that meet green standards or have an affordable housing component. Similarly, the Federal Housing Administration offers multifamily loans for borrowers who don’t have enough cash to provide a large down payment or meet conventional credit requirements.